Course Description:

This course will provide an in-depth understanding of Terraform, a popular open-source infrastructure as code tool. DevOps engineers will learn how to use Terraform to create, manage and update infrastructure in a repeatable and scalable way. This course covers the core concepts of Terraform, including resource types, variables, modules, state management, and best practices.

Course Objectives

  • Understand the core concepts of Terraform and how it fits into the DevOps toolchain
  • Write Terraform code to create and manage infrastructure resources
  • Use variables and modules to create reusable infrastructure code
  • Manage Terraform state and understand its importance
  • Apply best practices when using Terraform in production environments
  • Use Terraform to automate infrastructure deployment and updates
  • Integrate Terraform with other DevOps tools such as Ansible, Jenkins, and AWS CodePipeline.


  • Basic knowledge of cloud computing and infrastructure concepts
  • Basic knowledge of Linux/Unix command-line interface
  • Familiarity with at least one cloud provider such as AWS, Azure, or GCP
  • Understanding of software development lifecycle and DevOps concepts

Course Outline

Module 1: Introduction to Terraform

  • What is Terraform?
  • Infrastructure as code (IaC) vs. traditional infrastructure management
  • Advantages of using Terraform
  • Terraform core concepts and syntax

Module 2: Terraform basics

  • Writing Terraform code
  • Creating and managing infrastructure resources
  • Resource dependencies and ordering
  • Using variables and expressions
  • Understanding the Terraform lifecycle

Module 3: Terraform modules

  • Creating and using modules
  • Module structure and best practices
  • Reusing code with modules
  • Module versioning and publishing

Module 4: Terraform state management

  • Understanding Terraform state
  • Storing state remotely
  • Locking state
  • Importing existing resources into Terraform state

Module 5: Terraform in production

  • Best practices for using Terraform in production environments
  • Terraform Enterprise and Terraform Cloud
  • Security considerations
  • Monitoring and troubleshooting Terraform

Module 6: Terraform automation and integration

  • Automating Terraform with scripts
  • Integrating Terraform with Ansible, Jenkins, and AWS CodePipeline
  • Building a continuous deployment pipeline with Terraform

Module 7: Terraform Providers

  • Introduction to Terraform providers
  • Configuring and using different providers (e.g. AWS, Azure, GCP)
  • Provider versioning and upgrades
  • Terraform registry and finding providers

Module 8: Terraform Testing and Validation

  • Writing and running Terraform unit tests
  • Validating infrastructure code with linting tools
  • Integration testing with Terraform
  • Using Terraform validate command

Module 9: Advanced Terraform Concepts

  • Remote state backend configurations
  • Understanding the Terraform graph and plan
  • Terraform workspaces and their usage
  • Provisioners and their use cases

Module 10: Terraform and Kubernetes

  • Introduction to Kubernetes and its architecture
  • Using Terraform to manage Kubernetes resources
  • Kubernetes providers for Terraform
  • Terraform and Kubernetes best practices

Module 11: Terraform and Cloud Native Applications

  • Understanding Cloud Native applications
  • Using Terraform to manage Cloud Native resources (e.g. Serverless, containers, API gateways)
  • Infrastructure as code for Cloud Native apps
  • Best practices for managing Cloud Native resources with Terraform

Module 12: Terraform Enterprise and Terraform Cloud

  • Understanding Terraform Enterprise and Terraform Cloud
  • Benefits and use cases of Terraform Enterprise and Terraform Cloud
  • Features and functionality of Terraform Enterprise and Terraform Cloud
  • On-premises vs. cloud-based Terraform Enterprise

Module 13: Terraform and Security

  • Security considerations when using Terraform
  • Managing access and permissions with Terraform
  • Securing Terraform state
  • Compliance and auditing with Terraform

Module 14: Terraform and Multi-Cloud

  • Understanding multi-cloud architecture
  • Managing multi-cloud resources with Terraform
  • Using Terraform to manage cloud-to-cloud networking
  • Best practices for multi-cloud infrastructure management with Terraform

Module 15: Terraform and Infrastructure Migration

  • Migrating existing infrastructure to Terraform
  • Lift and shift vs. cloud-native infrastructure migration
  • Tools and techniques for Terraform-based infrastructure migration
  • Challenges and considerations for infrastructure migration with Terraform

Module 16: Terraform and Continuous Deployment

  • Introduction to continuous deployment
  • Using Terraform to automate continuous deployment
  • Best practices for using Terraform in a continuous deployment pipeline
  • Monitoring and troubleshooting Terraform-based continuous deployment

Module 17: Advanced Terraform Development

  • Building custom Terraform providers
  • Using Terraform modules as building blocks
  • Understanding and using Terraform plugins
  • Developing Terraform extensions and plugins

Module 18: Terraform Best Practices

  • Best practices for writing and organizing Terraform code
  • Managing Terraform state for maximum efficiency and security
  • Securing and auditing Terraform code
  • Terraform code review and collaboration best practices